Lumber Company Scrip as described by Wisconsin Historical Society: In remote forests, ready cash was frequently hard to come by in the nineteenth century. This was especially true in lumber camps, where workers were often paid in company-issued scrip rather than United States currency. Scrip is a substitute for government-provided legal tender, which is issued by a private business, organization, or local government.
National Scrip Collectors Association
Lumber Camp-logging camp : established by a logging company in a rural area for lumber workers and their families. Often containing the following buildings: Barn, Blacksmith Shop, Cook Shanty/houses,Bunkhouse
, Wanigan, Foreman's Office, Heavy Equipment Shed per Paul Bunyan Logging Camp Museum The lumber company in many cases paid the workers in scrip to be traded at the company general store called a commissary. Check the Eureka website for more logging camp terms, good visit.
The workers were called Lumberjacks. Wikipedia says A lumberjack is a worker in the logging industry who performs the initial harvesting and transport of trees for ultimate processing into forest products. The term usually refers to a bygone era (before 1945 in the United States) when hand tools were used in harvesting trees. Because of its historical ties, the term lumberjack has become ingrained in popular culture through folklore, mass media and spectator sports. The actual work was difficult, dangerous, intermittent, low-paying, and primitive in living conditions, but the men built a traditional culture that celebrated strength, masculinity, confrontation with danger, and resistance to modernization.
Muleskinners and horse logging according to Pineywood :The good muleskinner was as vital to the timber industry as the heavy equipment operator is today. To be a good muleskinner required skill plus an ornery authority and mastery of cussing equal to the orneriness and cussedness of the team. The late Roy Guy Mathews (1914-1994) admitted that he had a lot of vinegar in his day but his pack of photographs showed that his six up, a team of mules and horses received a lot of loving care in his mule skinning days. "Them are the finest horses they ever were," he said. Mathews worked his horses in the evening because horses could stand more than the mules. The mules were worked in the morning. "They don't make horses like that anymore. Whatever you wanted to do, they could do it." He pointed to one of the pictures and said, "That one had big feet but you could put him in the garden, plow him down beside a row of cabbage, and he wouldn't break a single leaf."

For classroom teachers a excellent reference is Harvesting the Hardwoods; Logging, Lumbering, and Forestry in Southern Appalacia by East Tennessee State University.

Excellent photo collection****

Hauling logs with horses from USDA
Hauling logs to mill to be cut.
Click image for larger version
Logging Camp, original at Old Oregon photos.
2436
Logrolling with a little color
Original B&W
Some nice lumber scrip provided by Donald
Minn Horse lumber photos
W. Virginia scrip
President's Page
NATIONAL SCRIP COLLECTORS ASSOCIATION ,INC.